**2.04 Number format**

The format to express number has three elements.

a. Location of the digit separator (normally
called thousands separator) location.

b. Symbols used for the digit separations
and decimal point.

c. Positive/Negative number sign.

For location of digit separator, each
3-digits (thousand) is the most popular way, but there are also
other cases.

Note that even if 3-digits is popular
in Arabic numbers, it might be different when number is expressed
and written or spoken in local language, (for details refer to
Word expression of number)

For symbols, there are two popular cases, but there are also other exceptional symbols used.

Type -1: 12,345,678.901 , (comma)
for digits separator, and . (period)for decimal point

Type -2: 12.345.678,901 . (period)
for digit separator, and , (comma) for decimal point

Digit separator | Symbol | |||

China | CNA | 3 digits | 1 | |

Hong Kong | HKG | 3 digits | 1 | (for monetary amount) note-1 |

space: | for other than monetary | |||

India | IND | 3 (2) digits | 1 | note-2 separator for each 2 digits are needed |

Indonesia | INA | 3 digits | 2 | |

Japan | JPN | 3 digits | 1 | |

Korea | KOR | 3 digits | 1 | |

Malaysia | MAS | 3 digits | 1 | |

Philippines | PHI | 3 digits | 1 | |

Singapore | SIN | 3 digits | 1 | |

Thailand | THI | 3 digits | 1 |

note-1: | There are two digit separators used in Hong Kong. For monetary amount, it is comma like many other countries (Type-1). Besides, for other than monetary amount, space can also be used. |

note-2: | 2 digits system: 12, 34, 567.89 separator is needed for each 2 digit for beyond 1000. |

Positive | Negative sign | Location | ||

China | CNA | no sign or + | - (minus) | beginning note-1 |

Hong Kong | HKG | no sign or + | - (minus),( ) | beginning note-1, note-2, note-3 |

India | IND | no sign or + | - (minus) | beginning |

Indonesia | INA | no sign or + | - (minus) | beginning |

Japan | JPN | no sign or + | - (minus), ,( ) | beginning note-2, note-4 |

Korea | KOR | no sign or + | - (minus), ,( ) | beginning note-2, note-4 |

Malaysia | MAS | no sign or + | - (minus),( ) | beginning note-1, note-2 |

Philippines | PHI | no sign or + | - (minus) | beginning |

Singapore | SIN | no sign or + | - (minus),( ) | beginning note-1, note-2 |

Thailand | THI | no sign or + | - (minus) | beginning note-1 |

note-1: | Numbers in red ink means negative numbers for accounting application |

note-2: | Numbers in bracket means negative numbers for accounting application |

note-3: | DR and CR also use for accounting. |

note-4: | is used for accounting mostly. Word (in) RED CHARACTER means minus bottom line (It may and may not be written in normal ink with negative sign or red ink without negative sign) |

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