Data Book

2.12 Preferred Font Style

There are many styles of fonts available in the market. The following information is usually needed by font providers.

a Requirements for richness of typeface (How many typefaces are needed?)
b Preferred style may differ from country to country even for same script (Name it, if any)
c Names of typical and popular typefaces and/or family of typefaces
d Typeface design matching between local character and Latin character.

rem-1: Related standard: ISO/IEC 9541-1/2

2.12.1 Number of typefaces (FONT)

China CNA Latin script > 30
Local script > 7
Hong Kong HKG Latin script variety as many as possible
Local script >3
India IND Latin script > 100
Local script > 50
Indonesia INA Latin script variety as many as possible
Local script >6
Japan JPN Latin script >> 50 almost all styles used in US are needed.
note-x matched design is needed with Local script when used in mixed way. (see 12-3)
Local script>> 50 Kanji, Hiragana and Katakana
Korea KOR Latin script > 50 almost all styles used in US are needed.
Local script about 10 are frequently used
Malaysia MAS Latin script >100
Local script >50
Philippines PHI Latin script > 150
Local script 1
Singapore SIN Latin script variety as many as possible
Local script 20-50
Thailand THI Latin script variety as many as possible
Local script > 100

2.12.2 Typical/Popular typefaces

Same as US
China CNA Latin script Times New Roman
Local script Song () ,Fang Song () ,Kai(), Hei ()styles
Hong Kong HKG Latin script Times New Roman (for computer output)
Local script Ming (), Sung (),
India IND Latin script Both SERIF and SANS-SERIF are used
Local script No special preference
Indonesia INA Latin script Same as US
Local script No special preference
Japan JPN Latin script Same as US
Local script Mincho (),Gothic note-1
Korea KOR Latin script
Local script Myongjo (),Gothic
Malaysia MAS Latin script Times, Helvetica
Local script NASKH
Philippines PHI Latin script Roman (New Times Roman)
Local script No special preference
Singapore SIN Latin script Times family, Helvetica
Local script n/a
Thailand THI Latin script Times New Roman, CordiaUPC and AngsanaUPC:
Local script CordiaUPC and AngsanaUPC:

note-1: Mincho and Gothic are not specific typeface name, rather those are a generic style names.
In general, one kind of serif and one kind of sans -serif are needed. Unlike Chinese Kai style is not preferred for printing of business purpose.
rem-1: Related standards are JIS Z 8903, JIS Z 8904, JIS Z 8905, KS A 0202, KS A 0203
rem-2: IEC is requesting Helvetica as standard fonts for IEC standards. (see 2.11.1 rem-2)

2.12.3 Consideration on typeface design matching information (FONT)

Most local character sets have typeface requirements of both Serif (styled) and Sans-Serif(non-styled). In some cases, those local typefaces can not share Serif and Sans serif of Latin typefaces for mixed use. When this happens, typeface for Latin script should be redesigned to match the local script because of it's impacts on character height and character line thickness. However, the impact of those design difference are script dependent. (culturally different)

China CNA Consideration is needed, but currently there is no unified rule yet
Hong Kong HKG no consideration is needed
India IND no consideration is needed
Indonesia INA no consideration is needed
Japan JPN Following combination is popular for matching note-1

Korea KOR Following combination is popular for matching
Malaysia MAS no consideration is needed
Philippines PHI no consideration is needed
Singapore SIN Same as CNA
Thailand THI At least matched design for Serif and Sans Serif are needed. note-3

note-1: Latin character has to have shorter descender line than Western standard typefaces. Therefore, Latin characters need to be redesigned for matching purpose for mixed use with Japanese character. Western typefaces are not usable for mixed text with Japanese characters.
note-2: Thickness of line should be as similar as possible such that, total page has uniform tone as much as possible. Mincho with thin horizontal line and variable vertical line thickness is one of solution for this requirement.
note-3: Thai CordiaUPC and AngsanaUPC typefaces include Latin alphabet characters also, Thus the design matching consideration is already taken care within the typefaces.

2.12.4 Font attribute (FONT)

This is an extra note for technology selection. (not cultural requirement).

Due to the relatively low number of characters in the Latin like character sets, font attributes such as UNDERLINE and SHADOW has been provided to produce different fonts. This approach is too costly in case of CJK ideograph, because of its large number of characters. Instead, attribute such as separated symbol (in graphic picture over written) is a more practical solution for CJK ideograph (including Hangul).

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